This is the third in a series of posts about drug trends in the United States and other countries. Previously I looked at drug use in San Francisco and at Burning Man. In this post I will begin to look at emerging drug trends, drugs that are newer on the scene or are making a comeback.
The media do not necessarily report accurately about the harm related to the use of various drugs; drug use tends to be sensationalized. This can lead to people dismissing the negative consequences associated with certain drugs. What is needed is a balanced approach to inform the public of the realistic hazards which may influence a person’s choice to use a drug or not. I will, therefore, look at information from governmental sources such as the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) as well as press accounts.
Caffeine Powder as Emerging Drug Trend
The most recent emerging drug trend according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Community Epidemiology Work Group (CEWG) is caffeine powder. Some highlights from the latest report about caffeine powder include:
- Ohio high school senior died due to overdose of powdered caffeine
- Bags of bulk caffeine powder offered online and bought for weight loss and athletic performance
- One teaspoon of caffeine is equal to 25 cups of coffee which is a lethal amount
- Overdose can cause erratic and fast heartbeat, seizures, vomiting, diarrhea and disorientation
- Very easy to overdose because it is difficult to measure correct dosage with ordinary kitchen implements
- Recommended that caffeine powder be avoided altogether
- Parents should be aware of this form of caffeine and be alert to the hazard
A Sign of Things to Come? Perhaps…
This CEWG warning about caffeine powder is dated July 2014 and appears to be most immediately in response to the death of an Ohio teenager in May 2014. I looked at the the CEWG regional reports that were presented in June 2014, after this incident. None of the reporting areas in the United States list caffeine powder as a drug trend.
While not occurring in the United States, another recent death took place in Britain when a 23 year-old man took two teaspoons of caffeine powder and washed it down with an energy drink in 2010.
Dr. Henry Spiller, who directs the poison control center at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, said that in the last year there have been 30 caffeine powder overdoses reported to poison control centers nationally. He also reported that his poison control center had three reports of people hospitalized due to misuse of caffeine powder.
Caffeine has been on the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and American Poison Control’s radar for several years now. In 2010 the FDA warned manufacturers to take beverages containing alcohol and caffeine off the market. Wrigley’s Gum also took their caffeinated gum off the market in 2013 after the FDA expressed concerns.
Powdered caffeine is marketed online and in stores and can be far more potentially lethal than either energy drinks or caffeine tablets since measuring the amount is difficult and the lethality of the dose is indeterminate. It therefore comes as no surprise that the FDA is presently considering regulatory action.
There is more information about the facts and fiction of caffeine in its various forms here.